Last Name: Serraino
Nobility: Nobles – Dukes – Princes – Marchesi – Patricians – Accounts – Knights – Consignori – Gentlemen
Nobles in: Italia
Heraldic Trace in: Italiano
Heraldic Trace Serraino
Ancient and very noble family, originally from Genoa, which enjoyed nobility in Genoa, Spain, Sardinia and in the Kingdom of Naples. In the Chronology of the Consuls of Genoa (“Acts of the Ligurian Society of Homeland History” – Vol. I, issue 3, carta 240), it is noted that the Casato was born from the Ligurian family of de Mari; progenitor was Corso, who took the surname from his father Serra, son of Ottone de Mari, of the Visconti class in 1122. The Serra di Sardegna reached their peak in 1145 with Barisone de Serra proclaimed king of Sardinia by Federico Barbarossa. The Serra di Genova, however, were aggregated at the Casa Lercara hotel, in 1528. From the sons of Paolo, senator of the Republic of Genoa in the early sixteenth century, there were three branches: the descendants of Antonio, the eldest son, obtained numerous titles, among them: duke of Terranova (1574), prince of Gerace (1609), marquis of Gioia (1654), …
Blazon of family
Involved: in the first and quarter of gold to the eagle crowned with black; in the second and in the third of blue the half-dragon of gold emerging from a mountain of three peaks of the same, moving from the point; head of blue with three lilies among the four pendants of a red lambel.
The ancient Elymian (Sicily’s three ancient “indigenous” peoples – Sicanians, Sicels, Elymians) settlement of Erice (built on top of the mountain of the same name) still exudes all the charm of its myths and legends through its paved streets, impressive castle, craftsmen’s workshops and stone houses.
Famous for the temple of “Venere Ericina” (Venus Erycina), Erice was fought over by the Syracusans and the Carthaginians until the Romans conquered it in 244 BC.
During the Arab domination in the twelfth century, it regained some of its lost importance, and the island’s political vocation continued from there.
Many traces of the old medieval town are still visible today, as well as parts of the ancient city walls on which Phoenician inscriptions can still be made out.
The beautiful Chiesa Madre (Mother Church), the luxuriant Giardini del Balio (Balio Gardens) and the Ettore Majorana international science centre are just some of the sites that visitors must see while they are here.
Erice can now also be reached via a modern cableway which connects it to the city of Trapani.
Barisone I of Arborea or Barisone I de Lacon Serra held the Giudicato of Arborea between 1146 and 1186. He aimed at the sovereignty over all the Giudicati Sardi receiving the investiture to King of Sardinia from Federico Barbarossa in 1164.
Joining in marriage, in a second marriage, with Algalbursa de Cervera, nephew of Raimondo Berengario IV of Barcelona, Barisone started the Catalan penetration in Sardinia.
The sons of Paolo Serra, Senator of the Republic of Genoa at the beginning of the 16th century, gave rise to three branches:
from Antonio, the eldest son, whose heirs obtained the titles of Duca di Terranova in 1574, of Principi di Gerace in 1609, of Marchesi di Gioia in 1654;
by Giovan Battista, whose heirs obtained the title of Principi di Carovigno in 1645;
from Girolamo, whose heirs were awarded the title of Dukes of Cassano in 1678.
On April 26, 1814, Girolamo Serra was appointed President of the Provisional Government of the Genoese Republic, a post he held until January 7, 1815, when, following the Treaty of Versailles, the Republic was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia.
Domenico Serra, in 1848, was appointed Senator of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
Orso Serra, in 1860, and Francesco in 1861 were named Senators of the Kingdom of Italy.
Gennaro Serra di Cassano (Portici 30 September 1772 – Naples 20 August 1799), belonging to the branch of the Dukes of Cassano, was patriot and martyr of the Neapolitan Republic (1799).
Barisone I d’Arborea, or Barisone I de Lacon Serra   (… – 1186), was a judge of Arborea from 1146 to 1186.
He was the son of Comita III de Lacon-Serra (the previous Judge of Arborea) and Elena de Orrubu. His reign was one of the most crucial in the history of Sardinia, witnessed at the beginning of the Catalan penetration on the island and the escalation of the conflict between Genoa and Pisa; also Barisone himself was the protagonist of the first royal investiture by the Holy Roman Empire to affect Sardinia.