mtDNA – Ancestral Origins
mtDNA – U5a1a: Austria 0.1% – The Alps of Europe
Y-DNA – Ancestral Origins
Y-DNA – R-M269, also known as R1b1a1a2: Scotland 0.1%, Wales 0.1% – UK
Origin of the Basques
Origin in the Basque refuge during the last Ice age.
Studies based on the Y chromosome genetically relate the Basques with the Celtic, Welsh, and Irish; Stephen Oppenheimer from the University of Oxford says that the current inhabitants of the British Isles have their origin in the Basque refuge during the last Ice age. Oppenheimer reached this conclusion through the study of correspondences in the frequencies of genetic markers between various European regions.
Bodman UK – Germanic – The Alps – the German, Swiss, and Austrian borders
The surname Bodman is of local derivation. The family name is derived from the place name Bodmann, a barony on the shores of the Lake of Constance, which straddles the German, Swiss, and Austrian borders. Many German family names were derived from the names of small villages, royal or noble households, and even large religious dwellings and monasteries.
Early Origins of the Bodman family – the German, Swiss, and Austrian borders
The surname Bodman was first found in Swabia, where the family is considered to have made a great early contribution to the feudal society which became the backbone of early development of Europe. The name became prominent in local affairs and branched into many houses which played important roles in the tribal and national conflicts, each group seeking power and status in an ever changing territorial profile. Ancient chronicles suggest that the oldest and most prominent line of the family stems from the old counts of Lindau on Lake Constance. Indeed, the founding father was made count of the castle Bodmann on Lake Constance by Duke Varin of Alemania in the year 720 A.D. Around 930 A.D., Caspar von Bodmann distinguished himself under Kaiser Heinrich I in battles against the Hungarian tribes. In the 10th century, the family split into two main lines, the Bodmann and the Hohen-Bodmann, the latter having their seat in the village of the same name on Lake Ueberling.
Caggegi Sicily Italy – Via dei Caggegi 95036 Randazzo CT – Cagege Malta – Chagegi (Chayegi) Maghrebi Jews
Crozier UK – Scotland
Early Origins of the Crozier family
The surname Crozier was first found in Liddesdale, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Elliot Scotland UK
The Picts & Old English – Scotland
Today’s generation of the Elliott family inherits a name that was first used by the Scottish tribe known as the Picts. The first family to use the name Elliott lived in Liddesdale and Teviotdale where the family has a long and distinguished history dating back to the early Middle Ages. The name is actually derived from the Old English personal name Elwald or Aelfwald, but this name is now all but extinct as a personal name.
Early Origins of the Elliott family – the Picts
The surname Elliott was first found in Liddesdale, and Teviotdale. Although originally from Elliott, a village near Forfar, this Clan was persuaded by the Douglases to move south to help defend the border in 1396. There they became one of the most influential clans. Some of the notable personalities were “Archie Fire the Braes,” “Hob of the Park,” “Little Jock of the Park,” “Jock Half Lugs,” “Jock A’God’s Name,” “Gibbe Wi’ the Gowden Gartens.”
Faul Ireland – the Pictish clans of ancient Scotland – Gaelic
The roots of the name Faul are found among the Pictish clans of ancient Scotland. The name comes from the personal name Paul. The Gaelic form of the name is Mac Phàil.
Early Origins of the Faul family – Pictish clans – Scotland
The surname Faul was first found in Inverness, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Hay USA – the Pictish tribe & – Gaelic – Scotland – Normandy
In Scottish history, few names go farther back than Hay, whose ancestors lived among the clans of the Pictish tribe. The ancestors of the Hay family lived in ancient chronicles where the tradition relating this distinguished Pictish family of Hay begins during an attack by the Danes in the reign of Kenneth III of Scotland in 980. The defeated Scottish army retired through a narrow pass near Lochnarty in Perthshire which was later defended by a local farmer and his two sons. Upbraiding the retiring Scottish army, the farmer rallied the retreating Scottish and eventually defeated the Danes. They took the yokes from the oxen with which they were ploughing, and so belaboured the invaders as to drive them from the field, amidst shouts of Hay! Hay! The King rewarded the family with many grants of land including the Carse of Gowrie on the River Tay, traditionally marked by the limit of a falcon’s flight, six miles in length. There is a monument still extant called the Falcon’s Stone marking the falcon’s place of rest. The king also assigned three shields or escutcheons for the arms of the family, to intimate that the father and his two sons had been the three fortunate shields of Scotland.
Early Origins of the Hay family – Gaelic – Scotland – La Haye-du-Puits, Normandy, France.
The surname Hay was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland, but looking further back we find Hay family of Normandy was of considerable rank and importance in the year 823 AD. Significantly, the family held a Coat of Arms from ancient times that consisted of three red shields on a silver background. They also held many baronies, including the Castle and Barony of La Hai-du-puits in Coutances from whence the Sire-de-la-haie came. He accompanied Duke William of Normandy in his conquest of England and was granted vast estates in Sussex, Essex and Suffolk, as recorded in the Domesday Book. He died in 1098, his daughter marrying her cousin Robert de la Haie, Count of Mortain. William de Haya, who first settled in Scotland was probably Robert’s son, and he witnessed charters by King Malcolm IV in 1160 AD.
Horriot France – Domaine Launay Horiot,
McCulloch UK – Scottish/English Borderlands & Gaelic
The ancient name McCulloch was first used by the Strathclyde people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. It is derived from the Gaelic personal name Cullach, meaning boar.
Early Origins of the McCulloch family – Gaelic – Scotland
The surname McCulloch was first found in Wigtownshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Bhaile na h-Uige), formerly a county in southwestern Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway where one of the first on record was Andrew MacCulloch who served King William the Lion of Scotland and received the lands of Myretoun (now Monreith near Whitehorn in Wigtown). However ancient records show the Clan as being mentioned in the year 743 in that area.
Nickson USA – Old English – Scottish/English Borderlands
The roots of the Nickson family stretch back to the Strathclyde people of the Scottish/English Borderlands, who were the first to use their surname. It is derived from the personal name Nicholas, which was Nik, or Nikke in Old English.
Early Origins of the Nickson family – Old English – Scottish/English Borderlands
The surname Nickson was first found in Cumberland where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Read USA – Old English
The Read surname is derived from the Old English word “read,” meaning “red.” It is most likely that the name was used as nickname for someone with red hair, before becoming their surname. In other instances, the Read surname no doubt came from some of the places so named in Britain, such as Read, Lancashire, Rede, Suffolk, and Reed in Hertfordshire.
Early Origins of the Read family – Old English
The surname Read was first found in Northumberland where they held a family seat from early times. One branch was found at Troughend-Ward. “The present house was built in the last century (c. 1700) by EIrington Reed, Esq., who also greatly improved the place by planting, and whose ancestors were settled in the township at a remote date. ”
Another branch of the family was found at Weston in Suffolk. ” Weston Hall, the ancient seat of the family of Rede, a handsome mansion in the Elizabethan style, was partly taken down within a few years, and the remainder converted into a farmhouse.”
Anglo-Saxon tribes – England
The origins of the Wall name come from when the Anglo-Saxon tribes ruled over Britain. The name Wall was originally derived from a family having lived near a stone-built wall. Wall is a local surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Other types of local surnames include topographic surnames, which could be given to a person who lived beside any physical feature, such as a hill, stream, church or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. The surname Wall referred to a person who lived beside a large stone wall, which was used either for the purpose of fortification, or to keep back the encroachment of the sea. Members of the Wall family were established in Gloucestershire prior to the Norman Conquest of England, in 1066. By the time of the Conquest, they were major landholders in that county.
Early Origins of the Wall family – Anglo-Saxon tribes
The surname Wall was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat from very ancient times and appeared as holders of lands in the Domesday Book compiled in 1086 by King William of England. The name was from the Anglo Saxon Wal, meaning a stranger. Wales is a parish, in the union of Worksop, S. division of the wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill in the West Riding of Yorkshire. “This parish, in the Domesday Survey called Walise, belonged to Morcar, Earl of Northumberland, in the reign of Edward the Confessor.”